EU Cow Numbers

Published 15 July 16

  • The number of dairy cows in the EU-28 in 2015 stood at 23.6 million, an increase of 0.2% from 2014.
  • Ireland had the largest increase of dairy cows in the EU-28 in 2015, up 112,170 (9.9%) year on year.
  • The UK accounted for 8.1% of the total dairy cows in the EU-28 in 2015, a marginal increase on 2014, standing at 1.9 million.

For more information on EU dairy cows per country click here.

The number of dairy cows in the EU-28 in 2015 stood at 23.6 million, an increase of 0.2% (40,950 cows) when compared with 2014.

Germany held the most dairy cows out of all EU-28 countries in 2015 with 4.3 million, making up 18.2% of the total EU-28 dairy cow population, despite decreasing by 11,040 cows from 2014. Malta continues to be the smallest milk producer with just 6,370 dairy cows in 2015, down 2.0% on 2014.

Over half of the EU-28 countries declined in cow numbers year on year in 2015, with Poland seeing the largest volume decrease, down 114,710 cows.

The UK, accounting for 8.1% of the total EU-28 dairy herd, saw an increase in 2015 of 35,000 (1.9%) compared with 2014.

For more information on EU milk deliveries click here.

 

THOUSAND HEAD

2013

2014

2015

 
 

Austria

530

538

539

 

Belgium

516

519

529

 

Bulgaria

313

302

283

 

Croatia

168

159

152

 

Cyprus

25

25

26

 

Czech Republic

375

372

369

 

Denmark

567

547

570

 

Estonia

98

96

91

 

Finland

282

283

282

 

France

3,697

3,699

3,661

 

Germany

4,268

4,296

4,285

 

Greece

130

135

111

 

Hungary

250

255

251

 

Ireland

1,082

1,128

1,240

 

Italy

2,075

2,069

2,057

 

Latvia

165

166

162

 

Lithuania

316

314

301

 

Luxembourg

48

47

49

 

Malta

6

7

6

 

Netherlands

1,597

1,610

1,717

 

Poland

2,299

2,248

2,134

 

Portugal

231

234

243

 

Romania

1,169

1,188

1,191

 

Slovakia

145

143

139

 

Slovenia

110

108

113

 

Spain

844

845

844

 

Sweden

346

344

337

 

United Kingdom

1,817

1,883

1,918

 

EU-15

18,029

18,176

18,382

 

EU-25

21,818

21,910

21,974

 

EU-27

23,300

23,400

23,448

 

EU-28

23,468

23,559

23,600

 

Provisional

Source: Eurostat