Average UK Milk Yield

Published 11 November 15

  • The average annual yield per cow increased by 2.0% in 2014/15 to 7,870 litres, according to provisional data.
  • This has resulted in a 5.2% increase in total milk production, to 14,639 million litres, from a static average UK dairy herd size of 1.9 million cows.

The latest provisional figures from Defra show a 2.0 % (158 litres per cow) increase in the average yield per cow from 2013/14, to 7,870 litres per cow in 2014/15. For more information on milk production please see here.

The average size of the UK dairy herd for the 2014/15 milk year has increased on the year by 55 cows (3.1%). The total amount of milk produced has increased by 720m litres (5.2%) to 14,639m litres.  

Average UK Milk Yields by Milk Year

 

Average Size of Dairy Herd (thousand head)¹

Average Yield (litres per cow per annum)²

Total Milk Production From Dairy Herd (million litres) 3

2001/2

2,229

6,449

14,373

2002/3

2,224

6,450

14,343

2003/4*

2,185

6,631

14,492

2004/5

2,060

6,886

14,183

2005/6

2,003

7,001

14,020

2006/7

1,989

6,963

13,852

2007/8*

1,954

6,950

13,579

2008/9

1,894

6,974

13,209

2009/10

1,853

7,056

13,073

2010/11

1,836

7,406

13,599

2011/12*

1,799

7,641

13,749

2012/13

1,795

7,361

13,215

2013/14**

1,805

7,712

13,920

2014/15

1,860

7,870

14,639

 * Leap Year **Provisional
Source: DEFRA

¹From 1999/00 to 2004/05 the average size of the dairy herd is estimated by taking the size of the herd at June and December from the agricultural census information, and calculating the population trends during the remaining months of the year. The average herd size shown in the table below is therefore consistent with, but not the same as, Defra's published agricultural census data. From 2005/06 data is obtained through the Cattle Tracing System (CTS).

²The average yields have to be taken with a degree of caution as they are based only on the total milk production recorded divided by the size of the dairy herd.

3Please note that total milk production is based on all milk produced on farm, including the milk which is delivered to dairies, milk used on farm in the production of dairy products, milk consumed in farm households, milk fed to livestock and farm waste; suckled milk is excluded.

Average Milk Yield

Average UK Milk Yields by Calendar Year

Figures for 2014 show that the average milk yield per calendar year has increased by 357 litres per cow per annum (4.7%) to 7,899 litres per cow per annum. The average yield in 2014 was 16.8% (1,136 litres per cow per annum) higher than ten years previously when the average stood at 6,763 litres per cow per annum.

For more information on average milk yields click here

 

Average Yield (litres per cow per annum)

2001

6,346

2002

6,493

2003

6,621

 2004*

6,763

2005

6,986

2006

6,977

2007

6,931

  2008*

6,972

2009

7,061

2010

7,303

2011

7,563

  2012*

7,477

2013

7,542

2014

 7,899

* Leap Year
Source: DEFRA