A new approach to lameness control in dairy cows: treatment of individual lame cows and farm level interventions

Aims & Objectives
The main aim is to provide straightforward, evidence based protocols for the treatment of common causes of lameness in individual dairy cows and determine the effectiveness of such protocols at reducing lameness at herd level.  Additional information will be provided on the overall impact of implementing a lameness control programme on-farm, as well as barriers to the uptake of better lameness control.

Expected Outcomes

  • Practical, evidence based protocols describing the most effective treatments for claw horn disease, digital dermatitis and foul in the foot for use by farmers, foot trimmers and vets.
  • Quantification of the herd level impact and benefits of implementing standardised on-farm protocols to identify, diagnose and treat individual lame cows.
  • An understanding of the current on-farm barriers to effective treatment of lame cows.
  • Quantification of the herd level impact and benefits of implementing a lesion specific lameness control programme to feed into the AHDB Dairy Healthy Feet Programme.
  • In a related study at Nottingham, to gain improved understanding of the effect of body condition score change and nutrition on clinical lameness
  • An assessment of the impact of lameness on British dairy cow performance in terms of productivity, health, welfare and overall financial returns.

Start Date     
June 2011          

Completion Date
May 2016

Images

Cross -section -of -hind -claw -small  Hind claw anatomical structures outlined  Hind -claw -labelled -small 
Cross section of hind claw  Hind claw with anatomical structures outlined  Hind claw with anatomical structures labelled 
3D-hoof -skeleton -cushion -1-small  3D-hoof -skeleton -cushion -2-small  Normal -distal -phalanx Small 
3D hoof skeleton & digital cushion 1  3D hoof skeleton & digital cushion 2  Normal distal phalanx 
Distal -phalanx -with -new -bone -small  Normal -vs -new -bone -on -distal -phalanx -small  3D-hoof -skeleton -small 
Distal phalanx with new bone  Normal vs new bone on distal phalanx   3D hoof skeleton

Lead Contractor
University of Nottingham - Research Partnership study 

Other Delivery Partners
University of Reading,
Harper Adams University,
SRUC,
Royal Veterinary College,
Aberystwyth University

Funder
AHDB Dairy

Scientific literature

Newsome, R.F., Green, M.J., Bell, N.J., Bollard, N.J., Mason, C.S., Whay, H.R., Huxley, J.N. 2017. A prospective cohort sutdy of digital cushion and corium thickness. Part 2: Does thinning of the digital cushion and corium lead to lameness and claw horn disrutption lesions? J. Dairy Science. 100: 4759 - 4771

Newsome, R.F., Green, M.J., Bell, N.J., Bollard, N.J., Mason, C.S., Whay, H.R., Huxley, J.N. 2017. A prospective cohort sutdy of digital cushion and corium thickness. Part 1: Assocations with body condition, lesion incidence and proximity to calving. J. Dairy Science. 100: 4745 - 4758

Newsome, R., Green, J.M., Bell, N.J., Chagunda, M.G.G., Mason, C.S., Rutland, C.S., Sturoock, C.J., Whay, H.R., Huxley, J.N. 2016. Linking bone development on the caudal aspect of the distal phalanx with lameness during life. J. Dairy Sci. 99, 4512 -4525

Thomas, H.J., Remnant, J.G., Bollard, N.J., Burrows, A., Whay, H.R., Bell, N.J., Mason, C., Huxley, J.N. 2016. Recovery of chronically lame dairy cows following treatment for claw horn lesions: a randomised controlled trial. Veterinary Record. Volume 178, Issue 5, Page 116.  

Archer, S.C., Newsome, R., Dibble, H., Sturrock, C.J., Chagunda, M.G.G., Mason, C.S., Huxley, J.N. 2015. Claw length recommendations for dairy cow foot trimming. Veterinary Record, Volume 177, Issue 9, page 222.  doi: 10.1136/vr.103197

Maxwell, O.J.R., Hudson, C.D., Huxley, J.N. 2015. Effect of early lactation foot trimming in lame and non-lame dairy heifers: a randomised controlled trial. Veterinary Record. Volume 177, Issue 4, Page 100. doi: 10.1136/vr.103155

Thomas, H.J., Miguel-Pacheco, G.G., Bollard, N.J., Archer, S.C., Bell, N.J., Mason, C., Maxwell, O.J.R., Remnant, J.G., Sleeman, P., Whay, H.R., Huxley, J.N. 2015. Evaluation of treatments for claw horn lesions in dairy cows in a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Dairy Science 98, 4477-4486

Maxwell, O.J.R., Miguel-Pacheco, G.G., Newsome, R., Randall, L.V., Remnant, J.G., Thomas, H.J., Huxley, J.N. 2015. Lameness in cattle: 1. Recent research to inform clinical practice. In Practice 37, Issue 3, Pages 127-138

Horseman, SV., Roe, E.J., Huxley, J.N., Bell, N.J., Mason, C.S., Whay, H.R. 2014. The use of in-depth interviews to understand the process of treating lame dairy cows from the farmers’ perspective. Animal Welfare. 23, 157-156.

Horseman, S.V., Whay, H.R., Huxley, J.N., Bell, N.J., Mason, C.S. 2013. A survey of the on-farm treatment of sole ulcer and white line disease in dairy cattle. The Veterinary Journal. 197, 461-467.

Huxley, J.N. 2013. Impact of lameness and claw lesions in cow on health and production. Livestock Science.156, 64-70

For further information please contact: jenny.gibbons@ahdb.org.uk or call 024 7647 8689