Average UK Milk Yield

Published 23 June 17

Average UK Milk Yields by Milk Year

For more information on average milk yields click here

  Average Size of Dairy Herd (thousand head)¹ Average Yield (litres per cow per annum)² Total Milk Production From Dairy Herd (million litres) 3
2001/2 2,229 6,449 14,373
2002/3 2,224 6,450 14,343
2003/4* 2,185 6,631 14,492
2004/5 2,060 6,886 14,183
2005/6 2,003 7,001 14,020
2006/7 1,989 6,963 13,852
2007/8* 1,954 6,950 13,579
2008/9 1,894 6,974 13,209
2009/10 1,853 7,056 13,073
2010/11 1,836 7,406 13,599
2011/12* 1,799 7,641 13,749
2012/13 1,795 7,361 13,215
2013/14 1,805 7,712 13,920
2014/15 1,866 7,844 14,638
2015/16* 1,906 7,942 15,136
2016/17 1,898 7,557 14,343
Year-on-year change, 2015/16-2016/17:
Change -8 -385 -794
% Change -0.4% -4.8% -5.2%

* Leap Year Provisional
Source: DEFRA

¹From 1999/00 to 2004/05 the average size of the dairy herd is estimated by taking the size of the herd at June and December from the agricultural census information, and calculating the population trends during the remaining months of the year. The average herd size shown in the table below is therefore consistent with, but not the same as, Defra's published agricultural census data. From 2005/06 data is obtained through the Cattle Tracing System (CTS).

²The average yields have to be taken with a degree of caution as they are based only on the total milk production recorded divided by the size of the dairy herd.

3Please note that total milk production is based on all milk produced on farm, including the milk which is delivered to dairies, milk used on farm in the production of dairy products, milk consumed in farm households, milk fed to livestock and farm waste; suckled milk is excluded.

Average Milk Yield

Average UK Milk Yields by Calendar Year

For more information on average milk yields click here

  Average Yield (litres per cow per annum)
2001 6,346
2002 6,493
2003 6,621
 2004* 6,763
2005 6,986
2006 6,977
2007 6,931
  2008* 6,972
2009 7,061
2010 7,303
2011 7,563
  2012* 7,477
2013 7,543
2014 7,897
2015 7,894
2016* 7,636
Year-on-year change, 2015-2016:
Change -259
% Change -3.3%
Ten-year change, 2006-2016:
Change 658
% Change 9.4%

* Leap Year
Source: DEFRA